Lo que circula por los medios

9 de septiembre de 2011

El diario "The Guardian" destaca la Asignación Universal por Hijo (AUH)


Martes, 06 de Septiembre de 2011 14:40
El diario "The Guardian" destaca la Asignación Universal por Hijo (AUH) 


El diario inglés The Guardian, publica en su edición de este lunes un artículo sobre la Asignación Universal por Hijo (AUH). El diario destaca que la AUH "restablece los lazos familiares con las escuelas"




Argentina, la asignación por hijo restablece los lazos de las familias con las escuelas

El artículo toma las definiciones de Graciela Dulcich, que “ha trabajado en las escuelas públicas en barrios de bajos ingresos en las afueras de la capital, tales como la escuela número 34, una escuela en San Isidro, un barrio de Buenos Aires marcada por fuertes contrastes sociales"( consigna la nota) y de Jessica Malegarie, de la Fundación Cimientos (la Fundación para la Igualdad de Oportunidades Educativas)

"A finales de 2009, el gobierno de centro-izquierda de Cristina Fernández presentó la asignación universal por hijo (AUH), que ahora otorga 220 pesos (53 dólares) al mes por cada niño menor de 18 años, hasta un máximo de cinco, a los padres que están desempleados o trabajo en el sector informal de la economía".

"En el caso de los niños con discapacidad, la asignación mensual es de cuatro veces esa cantidad. La AUH se amplió posteriormente a los hijos de empleadas domésticas, las mujeres embarazadas, y de baja ganancia miembros de las cooperativas".

"La transferencia de dinero en efectivo, que ahora es recibido por las familias de más de 3,6 millones de niños y adolescentes, está condicionada a la asistencia escolar y mantenerse al día con las vacunas y los chequeos de salud".

"Estudios independientes muestran que la AUH condujo a una reducción de la pobreza extrema- entre 55% y 70% - así como un descenso menos significativo en los niveles de pobreza y desigualdad"

"Pero el impacto no sólo ha sido sentida por las familias que han ayudado a salir de la pobreza gracias al pago mensual en efectivo que remata los ingresos que son capaces de hacer por trabajo.Los efectos también se han dejado sentir en las escuelas, especialmente en el nivel primario, donde la AUH ha llevado a un gran salto en la matrícula".

"Pero en el nivel secundario, ha sido más difícil de lograr la asistencia constante a través de los pagos AUH. A pesar de la asignación ha ayudado a reducir la pobreza, que en sí mismo a favor de un ambiente de aprendizaje, los retos son más complejos".

"Sin embargo, la estructura de la escuela secundaria, donde hay maestros diferentes para cada materia, que enseñan en más de una escuela, significa que hay una relación menos personalizada con cada estudiante. Este y otros factores debilitan la asistencia regular, Malegarie dijo (de la Fundación Cimientos, Fundación para la Igualdad de Oportunidades Educativas)las tasas de deserción en la escuela secundaria son de dos a tres veces tan alta como en el nivel primario".

"Una vez que la familia 'descubre' la escuela, que les ayuda a resolver una serie de problemas y proporciona apoyo, que no dejan nada más porque las cosas no son como solían ser -. Las escuelas que hoy cumple muchas funciones sociales," dijo Dulcich Graciela, directora de una escuela primaria


Artículo completo


In Argentina, child allowance restores families' ties with schools Cash payments to poor parents on condition their children keep up with school attendance and health checkups is having a positive impact

By Marcela Valente of IPS for the guardian.co.uk, Monday 5 September 2011 10.08 BST


Conditional cash payments to poor families with children in Argentina "have had a very positive impact", says an enthusiastic Graciela Dulcich, the principal of a primary school in a poor neighbourhood on the outskirts of Buenos Aires.

"Once the kids are enrolled in school, the responsibility is ours, and if they miss class for more than three days, we have to move heaven and earth to find out what's going on, and to make them start coming again," she explained.

For the past 35 years, Dulcich has worked in public schools in low-income neighbourhoods on the outskirts of the capital, such as school number 34, which she currently heads in San Isidro, a Buenos Aires district marked by strong social contrasts.

In late 2009, the centre-left government of Cristina Fernández introduced the Universal Child Allowance (AUH), which now grants 220 pesos ($53) a month for each child under 18, up to a maximum of five, to parents who are unemployed or work in the informal sector of the economy.

In the case of disabled children, the monthly allowance is four times that. The AUH was later expanded to the children of domestics, pregnant women, and low-earning members of co-operatives.

The cash transfer, which is now received by the families of more than 3.6 million children and adolescents, is conditional on school attendance and keeping up to date on vaccines and health checkups.

Independent studies show that the AUH has led to a drastic – between 55% and 70% – reduction in extreme poverty, as well as a less significant drop in the levels of poverty and inequality.

But the impact has not only been felt by the families who have been helped out of poverty thanks to the monthly cash payment that tops off the income they are able to make by working. The effects have also been felt in schools, especially at the primary level, where the AUH has led to a big jump in enrolment.

And, according to Dulcich, "once the school got the kids to come in, it won them back – in other words, even if they skip school one week out of three, they are in the system, and are followed up on.

"We do all sorts of things to get them to attend class," from cheering and applauding every day for the ones who show up, to phoning or even visiting the homes of the children who miss class, the principal said.

She explained that the education ministry requires monthly reports on attendance. "If I report to the ministry that there are kids who have dropped out, or that many have repeated the year, they reprimand me and ask for detailed reports. This is the pressure we face, which is why everything possible must be done to make sure the kids come to class," Dulcich said.

Primary schools can also refer children to psychologists or social workers, and offer the families guidance on medical or dental questions, as well as advice on different problems.

With regard to the families of children who habitually miss class, and "who do not have a culture of regular school attendance", a bigger effort is made in terms of following up on their situation, Dulcich explained. Many of these families make a living by sorting garbage on the street for sellable recyclable materials like paper and cardboard – they are known as "cartoneros" in Argentina – work that the children often do alongside their parents.

"But for the mothers who never give up, the ones who ask us if they can give the address and phone number of the school as a reference when they go to look for a job, the AUH is highly appreciated," she said.

These women, she said, "now send their children to school with all the necessary supplies, and they come in to say their child lost his red pencil, for example – an attitude that was unthinkable in the past. The families now feel less marginalised, and they even make regular voluntary payments" to the parents' association, known as the "cooperadora" in Argentina.

In the country's public schools, the association collects money from the students' parents to make necessary repairs and buy materials when the school budget falls short.



Challenges in secondary school

But at the secondary level, it has been more difficult to achieve steady attendance by means of the AUH payments. Although the allowance has helped reduce poverty, which in itself favours a learning environment, the challenges are more complex.

Jessica Malegarie, of the Fundación Cimientos (the Foundation for Equal Educational Opportunities), which works with teenagers, said the AUH "helps but does not solve" problems in secondary school, where drop-out and repetition rates remain high.

The foundation provides a stipend of 185 pesos ($45) a month to 3,050 youngsters throughout the country to help them stay in school. This assistance is not incompatible with the AUH, which is in fact received by the families of half of the foundation's beneficiaries.

However, the structure of secondary school, where there are different teachers for each subject, who teach in more than one school, means there is a less personalised relationship with each student. This and other factors weaken regular attendance, Malegarie said. Drop-out rates in secondary school are two to three times as high as at the primary level.

Malegarie, the foundation's programmes director, said the AUH "has been a very positive thing, because it has cut the rates of poverty and need, while putting the question of education on the public agenda, by requiring attendance".

She also acknowledged that it has led to a rise in enrolment. But she stressed that in order to keep adolescents in school, "a commitment by the youngster and the family must be achieved, and by the school, which must work closely with them".

Secondary school "was thought up for another kind of student, with different socioeconomic and cultural characteristics" than the ones seen in many areas today, she said, adding that tutoring programmes are needed, and that teachers should spend more time in the schools.

IPS spoke to one woman who is facing this problem: her 15-year-old son wants to drop out of school. His mother, a domestic worker, is worried about losing the monthly AUH payments, but has been unable to convince him to continue going to class. "I told him that if he doesn't keep studying, he'll have to go out and work, but I'm getting nowhere with him," said the mother, who preferred to remain anonymous.

Parents receive 80% of the AUH every month. The rest is retained until the start of the school year in March, when the parent or legal guardian presents the school attendance certificates and vaccination records and receives the accumulated amount.

"That control," said Dulcich, "is just once a year, but they supervise us every month to see what's going on with the children who are enrolled. That's why, in my view, this is without a doubt very positive – not only with respect to the future, but in the present as well."

"Once the family 'discovers' school, which helps them solve a number of problems and provides support, they don't leave any more. Because things aren't like they used to be – the schools now fulfil many social functions," the principal said.

Artículo del New York times sobre Argentina - Argentina’s Turnaround Tango - 02 Sep
Artículo del New York times...(mas)

CRISTINA FERNÁNDEZ EN LA CENA POR LA UIA. DÍA DE LA INDUSTRIA - 02 Sep
Cena por el Día de la...(mas)

Randazzo los números definitivos de las Primarias y abrupto final - 02 Sep
Martes, 30 de Agosto de 2011...(mas)

¿Déjà vu con el ABL? Macri y la estrategia de la inflación - 31 Ago
¿Déjà vu con el ABL? Macri y...(mas)

La Boleta única y ¿la oposición en la busqueda de una solución mágica? - 29 Ago
Victor Hugo Morales. y...(mas)

Sobre el derecho a la Libertad de Expresión - Demanda Menem a la Revista Noticias - 28 Ago
En la Corte Interamericana de...(mas)

Noche de Ronda - 28 Ago
Dile que la quieroDile que me...(mas)

Inversión Pública, Industrialización y la carne argentina - 27 Ago
MARTES 9 DE MARZO DE 2010La...(mas)

Lectura Recomendada: La formula AUH - 27 Ago
La fórmula...DOMINGO, 21 DE...(mas)

Lectura Recomendada: LA MAYORIA SATISFECHA ARGENTINA - 22 Ago
VIERNES 22 DE AGOSTO DE...(mas)

LECTURAS RECOMENDADA SOBRE EL MODELO ECONÓMICO KIRCHNERISTA Y LA ANTIPOLITICA - 22 Ago
MARTES 30 DE DICIEMBRE DE...(mas)

COMPUTADORAS DEL PLAN CONECTAR - 21 Ago
Jueves, 18 de agosto de ...(mas)

Ernesto Sanz ratificó a Alfonsín y advirtió sobre un grave peligro institucional - 19 Ago
Viernes, 19 de Agosto de 2011...(mas)

San Martín!! - 17 Ago


Cristina con la fuerza de los votos! - 15 Ago
Lunes, 15 de Agosto de 2011...(mas)

Carrió sin autocrítica se hizo cargo de la derrota y se asignó un destino trágico - 15 Ago
Lunes, 15 de Agosto de 2011...(mas)

RESPALDO A RAUL ZAFFARONI EN LA UBA - 12 Ago
Audio Eugenio Raúl Zaffaroni...(mas)

Cynthia Garcia - Pablo Sirven - Eugenio Zaffaroni - 11 Ago
Miércoles, 10 de Agosto de...(mas)

Economia Modelos, exportación e inflación - 11 Ago
El debate sobre la inflación...(mas)

Economía: industria - campo - industrialización y crecimiento - 11 Ago
El proceso de...(mas)

Logros del Gobierno de CFK - 10 Ago
Logros del Gobierno de...(mas)

Economia artículos relacionados- 10 Ago
Argentina's...(mas)

Discutibles comparaciones de Martín Caparros entre 1995 y el 2011 - 07 Ago
Modelo económicoCaparrós: “La...(mas)

0 comentarios:

Entrada destacada

¿No se crearon puestos de trabajo en los últimos 4 años?

Víctor Hugo transmitió en vivo. 9 de septiembre a las 8:50 · Facebook Mentions · Es #falso que en los últimos años no se creó #emple...

Blog Archive

Etiquetas